CRICH PARISH

which consists of the villages of Crich, Fritchley and Whatstandwell

TRANSLATION OF BAILIFF’S ACCOUNT FOR THE MANOR OF 'CRUCHE' (Crich), DERBYSHIRE, FOR MICHAELMAS 21-MICHAELMAS 22 HENRY VI [1443-1444]
By kind permission of the Right Honourable Viscount De L’Isle from his Family Papers held at the Kent Record Office.  
Reference: U1475: M207 & M208
Translated by Elizabeth Finn, Kent R.O.
© Commissioned by Dr Alan Wilcockson

 

The folios M207 (yr 1443-4) & M208 (yr 1447-8) contain the Manorial Accounts of lands in Derbyshire and Staffordshire which came to Sir Henry Sidney as a result of the division of the estates of Charles Brandon, Duke of Suffolk, the home of the Cromwell family, Tattershall College having been established in 1440 by Ralph Lord Cromwell.
The folios contain the Accounts of the manors of Asshove, Halome, Bolsove, Cruche, Sircotes & Curboro, Shirland, Wyndfield, Tidshelf, Bradsale Ferrers and Stoke.  The Cruche entry in M208 has been cut off after the “Farms of Demesne Lands” entry so only the longer M207 Accounts have been translated for Cruche.  The M207 & M208 entries for Cruche are very similar.

'Cruche' in the margin
Account of Robert Bowch[er] Collector of rents by John Thakker his deputy, of John Ulkerthorp Collector of farms of demesne lands1 and of Ralph Alsebroke, bedel2 of the court there from the feast of St Michael in the 21st year of the reign of King Henry VI to the same feast of St Michael then next following in the 22nd year of the same king beginning for one whole year

'Arrears' in the margin
Nothing

'Rents of Assize'3 in the margin

The same answers for 8s of rent of assize for 1 message4 and 3 bovates5 of land in Cruche called 'Codyngton' place' in the tenure of John Plometre per annum paid at the terms of St Martin and Whitsun equally. And for 5s 8d of Edmund Pole for free rent6 of 1 field of arable land called 'Playstowfeld' per annum paid at the same terms ('e.t''.). And for 4s of Roger Bithewat[er] for the free rent of 1 message and 3 acres of land there per annum paid at the same terms. And for 2s 2d of Joan Kebull' for free rent of 1 toft7 with a croft8 called 'Porchecrofte' there per annum paid at the same


1 Demesne lands: lands originally belonging to the Crown but which may have later been given to another Lord

2 Bedel (Beadle): A parish officer who had various duties including, summoning parishioners  to attend vestry meetings, keepind children in order with a cane, whipping vagrants etc.

3 Rents of Assizes: Were considered to have a fixed value that could not be changed by, for example, a new owner

4 Message (Messuage): A house , usually larger than a cottage

5 Bovate:-Oxgang. As much land as one ox could plough in a year, varying in amount from ten to eighteen acres according to the system of tillage.

6 Free Rent: Probably refers to Freehold property, does not mean rent free

7 Toft: The immediate site of a small house and its ancillary buildings

8 Croft: The home paddock or enclosure round a small farm where cattle were brought in for the night or in winter

1

terms. And for 2s of Ralph Alsebroke for free rent of 1 message 1 bovate of land there per annum paid at the same terms. And he should carry out ('facio') the office of collector of fees ('feodarius') and bailiff of the lord's court there from ancient custom, for the rent of the same message. And of 2s of free rent of 1 field called 'lyndonford' lying on the bank of the water of the Derwent in the tenure of the said John Plomtre per annum the whole ('tm'' = ?'totum') paid at the term of St Michael. And for 1d of free rent [of] 1 piece of land called 'Brenstonbut' in the tenure of John Dudffeld' chaplain there per annum the whole paid at the term of St Michael. And for 12s of free rent of 1 message and 3 bovates of land in the vill of Fresshley in the tenure of William Merelegge paid at the terms of [St] Martin and Whitsun equally. And for 6s 8d of free rent of 1 message and 1 bovate of land there in the tenure of Nicholas Hogeson' per annum at the same terms And for 3s 4d of free rent of 1 message and 4 bovates of land called 'Collandes' in the tenure of Henry Perpoynt knight and Richard Whalley and also of 1 message and 2 bovates of land in the tenure Isabel widow of Robert Parker per annum at the same terms. Of the price of 1lb of pepper ['1lb of pepper' underlined] issuing from the rent of the heirs of Peter of Wakerigge for his lands in Cruche and Shukthorn' the whole paid on the feast of St James ['he does not answer' [for it] ('non r'') interlineated] and delivered on account for the fee of the auditor ('Aud'') But he answers for 4s 2d of rent for 1 message and 1 bovate of land called 'Lyldall'' in Cruche in the tenure of the said John Duffeld' assigned to Lady Joan late wife of John Swillyngton' knight in the name of her dower as of the third part of 2 (?)perches ('percm') and 1 parcel of land opposite ('exoppositio') the tenure of Robert Thakker paid at the term of [St] Martin and Whitsun equally And for 12d of free rent of 1 message and 3 bovates of land called 'Peynlond'' in the tenure of Thomas Bradfeld' 'cous' (?'custumarius' = customary tenant) now assigned in the name of dower as above

                                                Sum 51s 1d

'Rents of tenants at will' in the margin

And for 6s 8d of William Prasse for the rent of 1 message and ½ a bovate of land in Cruche late in the tenure of Patrick Morley as demised to him paid at the terms of [St] Martin and Whitsun in equal portions. And for 10s of John Frichley for the rent of 1 waste message (mes' vast'') and bovate of land in Frisshley aforesaid called 'Dawesnek'' at the same at the same terms. And for 10s of John Hawe for rent of 1 message and 1 bovate of land there per annum at the same terms. And for 10s 8d of John atte 9 Dyche for 1 ['10s' above the word 'one'] message and 1 bovate of land there and 1 croft ['8d' above '1 croft'] at the south end ('finis') of the vill there per annum at the same terms. And for 11s 9d of Richard Fleccher' for 1 message ['10s 1d' above 1 messuage] and 1 bovate of land and 1 croft ['20d' above '1 croft'] called 'Hungrehill' together with a certain 'cous' [?customary10 holding] called 'le Hayred' And for 10s 4d of Henry Alsebroke for rent of 1 messuage and 1 bovate of land there per annum paid at the same terms. And 10s of John Thakker for rent of 1 messuage and 1 bovate of land there per annum paid at the same terms. And for 5s of John atte Wall' the elder ('sen'') for 1 message and ½ bovate of land per annum paid at the same terms. And for 10s of Thomas Samme the younger (jun'') for 1 message and 1 bovate of land there per annum paid at the same terms. And for 5s of John Strete for rent of 1 message and 1 bovate of land there per annum paid at the same terms. And


9 Atte: Is short for 'at the' and is part of a locative surname. There is no modern version of 'atte Dyche', but names like Atwood, Atwater or Atwell will have evolved from 'atte Wood', 'atte Water' and 'atte Well'.

10 Customary Holding: Are Copyhold Lands whose rents are fixed from ancient times. Only the entrances fees on change of ownership could be varied by the Lord.

2

for 10s of Henry Smyth for rent of 1 waste message [?i.e. derelict messuage] and 1 bovate of land there thus per annum for the same half per year [i.e. half the rent because it's derelict?] at the same terms. And for 12s of rent of Henry Smyth for rent ['10s' above 'rent'] of 1 message and 1 virgate 11 of land and of 1 croft ['2s' above 'croft'] beneath ('subtus') Le Hall' thus for the same half in this year. And for 10s of Ralph Alsebrok for rent of 1 message and 1 bovate of land there assigned to the said Lady Joan by name of her dower. And for 10s of Roger Herston' for 1 message and 1 bovate of land there assigned per annum by name of her dower as above at the same terms. And of 10s of Robert Mason butcher ('Bowcher'') for 1 message and 1 bovate of land there late in the tenure of Nicholas atte Wall assigned as above at the same terms. And for 10s of John Idersey for 1 message and 1 bovate of land late in the tenure of James Heyton' clerk and at present in the tenure of John Boler and William Bradshawe assigned as above per annum at the same terms.

Sum £7 11s 5d

'Rents of cottages' in margin

And for 2s of John Shawe for 1 waste (vastat'') cottage with garden adjoining at the north end of the vill 12 of Cruche per annum paid at the terms of [St] Martin and Whitsun equally. And for 2s of James Hoyton' chaplain for 1 waste (Vast'') cottage and 2 acres of land there late in the tenure of William Blount and before in the tenure of John Osilcok' thus for the same half a year late however for the same 5s. And for 2s of Hugh Penyale vicar of the church there for 1 cottage with adjoining croft late in the tenure of Thomas Russell thus for the same half by court roll for the term of 20 years this [being] the 13th year to be maintained and repaired in everything during the aforesaid term. And for 6s 6d of Roger Alsebroke for 1 cottage and 6 acres of land to the same adjoining late in the tenure of Richard Fletcher' and afterwards of William Chamb[er] this for the same half per annum paid at the same terms ('e. t''). And for 3s 10d of William Tornour for rent of 1 cottage with certain land adjoining the same together with 1d for a certain customary holding ('cons'') call 'Hayred'' late in the holding of Emma Perkyn' paid at the same terms. And for 2s of John Dey for rent of 1 cottage with garden adjoining there late in the tenure of John Saveyn' per annum at the same terms. And for 14d of Roger Alsebroke the elder ('sen'') for 1 cottage with garden adjoining there per annum at the same terms. And for 14d of Alice Mason' for the rent of 1 waste ('vast'') cottage late in the tenure of Nicholas Trott[er] and before in the tenure of John Bersett per annum. And for 2s 10d of the same Alice for rent of 1 cottage with a croft and 1 acre of land adjoining the same late in the tenure of John Barsete and before in the tenure of John Bradshawe per annum at the same terms And for 8d of William Blount for the rent of 1 cottage with garden adjoining late in the tenure of William Stonehewer' and afterwards of Roger Prince thus for the same half by court roll for the term of his life. And for 2s 4d of John Blount for the rent of 1 cottage with adjoining garden late in the tenure of John Harpour and afterwards of John Saveyn thus for the same half in this year at the same terms. For 4d late received for rent of 1 garden called ?'Powlaghton'' granted to the farmers of the quarry ('querr'') for the removal of their stones as in the aforesaid account he does not answer because ('quare') [it is] in the hands of the lord because of default of ?transport ('conduct''). But he answers for 3s for rent of 1 cottage with adjoining garden in Cruche late in the tenure of John Strete and late assigned to the aforesaid Joan in the name of dower as above thus demised to Thomas Samme the younger ('jun'') late however for 3s paid per annum at the same time. And for 4s of William Olesdyche alias Smyth' for the rent of 1 cottage and 3 acres of land to the same adjoining assigned by name of dower as above late in the tenure of John


11 Virgate: Land measure, varying in extent, but averaging thirty acres

12 Vill; Parish or Manor

3

Swynstowe thus for the same half by court roll for the aforesaid 20th (terminal 'j' crossed out) year of the present king for the term of 10 years to bear all services due from the same this the 3rd year. And for 2s of Hugh Penyale vicar of the church of Cruche for the rent of 1 cottage with garden and croft adjoining assigned by name of dower as above.

Sum 35s 6d

'Farm of demesne lands' in margin

And for 10s 11d of Joan atte Strete for the farm of the site ('?'scit'') of the manor with a croft called 'le Orchard' and dove-cot besides ('ultra') 3s 1d assigned by name of dower as below paid at the term of St Michael wholly. And for 10s of a certain parcel of land beneath 'le Halle-Orchard' 1 piece of land called 'Morewelflatte' 1 piece of land called 'Taillour Leyes' and 1 parcel of meadow called 'Weygmedowe' thus half to the vicar of the church of Cruche ['and Adam ate Wall'' crossed out] by court roll for the term of 20 years this [being] the 13th year. And for 2s of the said vicar of the church of Cruche for the farm of 1 acre of land called 'Daleacre' thus for the same demised by court roll of the 11th year of the present king for the term of 20 years in this [being] the 14th year paid at the same term. And for 9s of the same vicar for the farm of 1 parcel of arable land called 'Tenacre' together with a certain piece of meadow called 'Fisshe'pole' thus for the same demised in this year. And for 6s of Robert Thakker' for 4 acres of arable land called 'Hallyndale' in this year. And for 3s 4d of John atte Strete for 1 piece of arable land called 'Lyndall' lewe' at the same terms. And for 7s of John atte More for 3 acres of land called 'Greneweyflatte' thus for the same demised in this year paid at the same term And for 16d of Robert Thakker' for 1 acre of arable land upon 'Cruchecliff'' in this year And for 22d of James Hoyton' Chaplain for 2 acres of arable land butting upon 'Cruchecliff'' aforesaid thus for the same money for the term of 12 years by the advice ('consilium') of the lord in this the 8th year And for 3s 2d of Roger Alsebroke and Henry Alsebroke for 1 piece of arable land containing by estimation 3 acres beneath ('subtus') 'Cruchecliff'' aforesaid in this year And for 6s of John atte Strete and Robert Thakker' for 1 piece of arable land called (?)'Hanelflate' in this year And for 20d of Roger Alsebroke for the farm of 1 parcel of land next to 'le Brokencrosse'  thus for the same money by the court roll for a term of years who (?)departed And for 18d of John Strete for 3 acres of arable land next to 'Brodefeldflatte' thus for the same money in this year And for 7s for the farm of 1 piece of land called 'Burgonflatte' together with a certain piece of meadow butting upon 'Cruchemore' thus ?for themselves (?'sibi') money to the aforesaid Hugh Penyale vicar of the church of Cruche by court roll for the term of 20 years in this the 12th year And for 2s of John atte Strete for 1 piece of arable land called 'Ouerhalmore' in this year at the same term And for 7s of John atte Strete and Robert Thakker' for 1 piece of land called 'Brodemedewe' at the same term And for 3s 4d of the aforesaid Henry Alsebroke for the Henry Alsebroke in this year And for 5s of John atte Strete for 1 piece of meadow called 'Welmedewe' in this year And for 21d of John Hooke for the farm of the crop ('vestura') growing in a certain wood of the lord called 'le (?)Hassekarr'' lying on the west side of the park of 'Wyndfeld'' thus to the same demised in this year besides 3d debited ('onerat'') in the account of 'Wyndfeld'' in the heading 'Rents of Assize' under the name of 'Algerlane' then they answer paid 4s And for 4d of Henry Hatfeld' for a certain parcel of crop ('vestura') called (?)'Hoghayhune' thus debited in this year as in the years preceding And for 12d of John atte Strete for the farm of a certain pasture

4

called 'Hawkengreves' And for 3s 1d for the farm of a third part of 2 parts of the aforesaid (?)site of the manor assigned to the aforesaid Lady Joan by name of her dower as above besides 10s 11d above debited thus money to the aforesaid John Strete ?namely with the farm aforesaid And for 18d for the farm of 1 piece of arable land called 'le Halfacre' lying below 'le Brokencrosse' assigned by name of dower thus money to the aforesaid John Strete in this year And for 8s of John atte Strete for the farm of 1 pasture called 'Moldriddyng' assigned as above And for 3s of the farm of a certain pasture called 'Neth'almore' assigned in the manner in which above money to the aforesaid John Strete in this year And for 9s of Richard Fletcher for the farm of a certain piece of meadow called 'Meekemedowe' as above thus money for the same for this year
Sum 115s 9d

'New farm' in the margin
For 6s 7d late for the farm of a certain piece of land of the lord's waste upon 'le Cruchecliff' with another lesser parcel separated in the preceding account ?in exchange ('contra') as it was demised to John atte More of 'Tyddeswall'' for the term 8th [?for a term of 8 years] in the year next preceding completed namely for the said time of this account he does not answer because it lay in the hands of the lord very little occupied on account of default of (?)customary payment ('conduct'')
Sum nothing

'Farm of watermill' in the margin
And for 15s 6½d for the farm of the upper watermill built there upon 'Frissh'leybroke' thus money to Richard Fletcher and debited as for a third part and 2 (?)parts ('p't'') of 2 parts besides 4s 5½d assigned for dower as below. For the farm of the lower watermill built upon the same stream nothing on account of default of (?)customary payment ('conduct'') and repair then he answers paid per annum 10s But they answer for 4s 5½d for the farm of the third part of 2 parts of the aforesaid watermills. Above thus debited in supplementary [?account] 20s per annum late assigned to the aforesaid Lady Joan in name of dower therefore.
Sum 20s

'Farm of kilns ('thorall'') by reason of stone quarries' in the margin

And for 42s of John atte Strete Robert Thakker' Robert Hobson' John Idersey Robert Holwey William Botiler' and John Thakker' for the farm of 7 kilns ('thorall') each rendering per annum 6s for licence for collecting and obtaining stone as without (?)shaking ('rugid'') of and in the quarry of the lord there called 'Cruchecliff' for burning quick lime ('calx viva') provided nevertheless that it is not permitted to anyone of them to occupy except only one kiln within that demesne for burning this lime as for the annual rent promised without command lest the lord should suffer harm or loss in the same quarry in any way whatever beyond that which he can fittingly provide ('competenter deservire') in the aforesaid 7 kilns payable in the term of St Michael for the whole year For any monies assigned to the aforesaid Lady Joan as for dower [?in] the said quarry nothing  because it is not allowed to her to make waste But he answers for 20s for the farm of the quarry of mill stones ('petrarum

5

molar'') within the chase there thus money to Thomas Samme the younger per annum to hold to himself from the feast of St Michael in the taking ('prenc'') of this account to the end of the term of 6 years next following in this the first year
Sum 62s

'Demesne lands in the hand of the lord by exchange' in the margin
And for 13s 4d for a moiety of 1 messuage with appurtenances there called 'Collandplace' coming into the hand of the lord by exchange made with Henry Perpoynt knight for a moiety of 1 messuage with its appurtenances in 'Holbekwodhous' by the purchase of the lord from William Babyngton' knight and John Bote his villain ('nat'') as in the tenure of John Turney in this year. Paid at the terms of [St] Martin and Easter per annum equally namely for 2 terms of this falling within the time of this account besides 3s 4d of assize rent debited thence above
Sum 13s 4d

'Pannage with agistment 13' in margin
And for 20s 6d received for pannage [= pasture] of pigs within in the park there by schedule ('bill'') And for 4s 8d pannage of pigs within the chase as appears by the schedule ('bill'') of their names returned upon this account. For any other agistment [= herbage of a forest] within the aforesaid park he does not answer because it is reserved from the lord's command against the nourishment of the wild beasts
Sum 25s 2d

'From the mining of lead' in the margin
For a certain customary lead mine ('consuet' plumb'') there called 'Coope' issuing for each load ('lod'') of lead within the demesne there won without carrying ('cariat'') for each load 4d he does not answer because none was won without carrying from the oath of John Ulkerthorp' and other ('al'') upon account But they answer for 2s 4d for the price of 3 dishes ('disc'') of lead issuing from a certain customary holding ('cons'') called 'Loote' namely for each 13 dishes of lead ore ('operis plumb'') won within the demesne there 1 dish thus sold in this year And be it known that each 9 dishes make 1 load And for 20d of John att More of Tyddeswall' for licence for burning lead upon 'le Cruchecliff' in a certain place there called 'Boleplace' thus for the same money by the court roll of the year next preceding for the term of 4 years in this the second year
Sum 3s 11d

'Customary holding ('Cons'') called 'Cruchemole' in the margin
And for 5s 6d for a certain customary holding called 'Cruchemole' issuing from the ?tenant ('tenent'') of 24 bovates of land in ?'Ibull'' namely for each bovate of land 2¾d paid at the terms of the Annunciation and of St Michael equally And be it known that since ('ex quo') the lord is owner in this demesne the money of this was received by Richard Husse claiming [it] as his hereditary right up to the term of the Annunciation in the year of the present king 13

13 Agistment: The price paid for cattle pasturing on the land

6

Sum 5s 6d

'From land in the hands of the lord by reason of the minority ('minoris etatis') of the heir' in the margin
And from lands and tenements being in the hands of the lord by reason of the minority of the heir of William Plomley held of this Barony of Cruche by military service he does not answer here because in account by himself as appears in this file ('filac'')

Sum nothing

'Sale of wood' ('bosc'') in the margin
And for 10s 4d of the price of certain ash 'maples' and 'ollers' felled ('Sucs'') both in the park and in the chase and sold to divers persons as appears by 1 schedule ('bill'') of their names and sums upon this account delivered and examined
Sum 10s 4d

'Profits of the court' in the margin
And for 29s 8d of profits of 2 courts held there in this year by the roll examined whereof for the penalty forfeited ('pen' for't'') for not repairing a tenement 3s 4d and for minor ('minut'') profits 26s 4d For other casual profits ('Casual'') there nothing in this year
Sum 29s 8d

Sum of the whole roll £26 3s 8d

Turn over ('vert'')
[The reverse side of the account contains the expenses]

'Wages of the Park-keeper' in the margin
For certain accounts in the wages of John Rolleston' Park-keeper of the park there at 2d per day namely throughout the said time of this account 60s ?5d [the end of the line has been torn away] And in the expenses of the Steward holding the Court aforesaid in this year nothing because it is allowed in the account of 'Wyndfeld''
Sum 60s 8d

'Repairs' in the margin

And in money granted by the Steward to John Dey tenant within the demesne there in aid ('auxilium') of the repair of his tenement there in this year 3s 4d And in allowance of unlevyable ('illeuabil'') amercements because the parties amerced are not distrainable ('indistringibil'') within this lordship from the sufficient testimony and oath of the accountants 3s 4d And in regard made to the aforesaid John Rolleston' Park-keeper of the park there for his diligent work shown both upon the expenses to a certain man who came with his carts as in the payment of those carrying and recarrying ('reportans'') the fencing ('clausura') of the park carried away by the violence of the waters and the

7

fencing of the same of part 13s 4d is sought by him the same having been cancelled 6s 1d
Sum 13s 9d

'Allowances ('liberat'') of money' in the margin
And in money delivered to John Sawcheuerell received of the lord there for the charge ('onus') of the Bedel of the court on account 18s 6d ['thence for ??? 18d' above '18s 6d'] And to the same received for the charge of Collector of rents from his recognisance upon account or bill 112s 8d And to the same received at the hands of John Vlkerthorp' for the same charge both in money ['60s' written above 'money'] and in parcels of land ('parcell'') ['25s 11½d' written above 'and in parcels of land'] £4 5s11½d And to the same received at the hands of the same John Vlkerthorp' as Collector of the farms of demesne lands £8 19s 5d
Sum £19 16s 6½d

Sum of all the allowances and liveries aforesaid £23 10s 11½d
And they owe 52s 8½d Which being delivered aforesaid received at the hands of the aforesaid John Vlkerthorp' by security remains with him. And they are quit

8

 

Home| Non-church Records Index