Chief rent is an annual sum payable on some freehold property common in North West England, but found throughout the UK. Despite its name it is not a rent.
Ground rent is a regular payment required under a lease from the owner of leasehold property, payable to the freeholder. A ground rent is created when a freehold piece of land or a building is sold on a long lease.
The annual Chief rent was due at Martinmas, which was on 11 November.
Red text shows words or letters of which I am not convinced.
|Cheife rents belonging to the
Manor of Chrich p toto ano on Martynmas 1583
|Georg Sellers for cheife of his lands p Ann||2s .. 2d||???|
|Robt. Radford chiefe of Mr Pawle lands of Wakebridg p Ann||ob|
|George Radford for cheife of Mr Babington lands p Ann||12d|
|John Frytcheley for cheife of ye lands I receveid from yerdeley p Ann 6s ..8d which is a*stooryd before amongest his rent|
|The cheif rent of wynster p ann||7d|
|Thomas Woodward and Robert Taylor for chiefe of Marmaduk Babington lands in Washington p Ann||30s .. 0d|
|Frances Rolston cheife p Ann||5s .. 8d|
|Thomas Radford cheife p Ann||5s .. 0d|
|The chief rent of Ible p Ann||5s .. 6d|
|Marmaduke Babington for cheife of Collington p Ann||14s .. 0d|
|Jerman Poole cheif of his land p Ann
||5s .. 8d|
|The same||one pound pepers1|
|The common fyne of Chrich p Ann||2s .. 6d|
|John Kirkeland p Ann||6d|
|Raffe Wylcockson cheife p Ann||6d|
|Edmund Northedg cheife p Ann||3s .. 0d|
|Wm alseybrook cheife rent to ye Lea channtery||13s .. 4d|
|Vidua2 Awrom chiefe p Ann||2s .. 8d|
|Henrye Ammott cheife||20d|
|Andrewe Allen cheife||10d|
|Sum||£5 0s 12d||ob|
1Historically pepper has been very valuable and equivalent to money. In 408 AD Alaric, King of the Visigoths, demanded a large price for sparing the besieged city of Rome. The tribute included fine garments, gold, silver and three thousand kilograms of pepper. Merchants of Venice would bribe tax collectors with a pound of pepper. King Ethelred collected a tax from ships that landed at Billingsgate in the form of bags of pepper. In France a pound of pepper was enough to free a slave. In Germany a nickname for the rich was 'pepper sacks'. When the ship Mary Rose, which sank in 1545, was raised from the sea-bed nearly every sailor's body was found to have a bunch of peppercorns in his possession.
Pepper was considered as a more stable form of currency than money! In England a pound of pepper was a commonly accepted form of rent from land tenants. The term "peppercorn rent” started off meaning that such a contract was taken very seriously based on the cost of a given weight of peppercorns per year. In later years, when pepper became cheap, a custom of handing a single peppercorn to confirm a tenancy came into existence. When Prince Charles became the Duke of Cornwall he received a pound of pepper as part of his tribute.
2 Vidua is a widow
'Sheffield City Council, Libraries Archives and Information: Sheffield Archives R333/IM/RW. Reproduced with permission from His Grace the Duke of Norfolk, DL and the Director of Culture, Sheffield City Council'.
Home| Genealogy Index | Non Church Records