Chief rent is an annual sum payable on some freehold property common in North West England, but found throughout the UK. Despite its name it is not a rent.
Ground rent is a regular payment required under a lease from the owner of leasehold property, payable to the freeholder. A ground rent is created when a freehold piece of land or a building is sold on a long lease.
The annual Chief rent was due at Martinmas, which was on 11 November.
Red text shows words or letters of which I am not convinced.
|Cheife rents dewe ? ? ? at Martenmas 1587|
|George Sellers for cheife p Ann||2s .. 2d|
|Robt. Radford chiefe p Ann of Mr Pawle lands of Wakebridg||ob|
|George Radford cheife of Mr Rabington lands p Ann||12d|
|Unclear text||Richard Fritchley for cheife of his lands received from wardley p Ann|
|Thomas Woodward and Robert Taylor of Washington for chiefe p Ann||30s .. 0d|
|Frances Rolston cheife p Ann||5s .. 8d|
|Thomas Radford cheife p Ann||5s .. 0d|
|The chief rent of Ible p Ann||5s .. 6d|
|Marmaduke Babington for ye cheife of Collington p Ann||14s .. 0d|
|Jerman Pawle cheif p Ann
Item more cheife one pound pepers1
|5s .. 8d|
|The common fyne of Chrich p Ann||2s .. 6d|
|John Kirkeland p Ann||6d|
|Raffe Wilcockson cheife p Ann||6d|
|Edmund Northrdy cheife p Ann||3s .. 0d|
|Wm Lea cheife to ye Lea channtery||13s .. 4d|
|Vidua2 Awrom chiefe p Ann||2s .. 8d|
|Henrye Ammott cheife||20d|
|Andrewe Allen cheife||10d|
|The cheife rentt of winttr p Ann||7s|
1Historically pepper has been very valuable and equivalent to money. In 408 AD Alaric, King of the Visigoths, demanded a large price for sparing the besieged city of Rome. The tribute included fine garments, gold, silver and three thousand kilograms of pepper. Merchants of Venice would bribe tax collectors with a pound of pepper. King Ethelred collected a tax from ships that landed at Billingsgate in the form of bags of pepper. In France a pound of pepper was enough to free a slave. In Germany a nickname for the rich was 'pepper sacks'. When the ship Mary Rose, which sank in 1545, was raised from the sea-bed nearly every sailor's body was found to have a bunch of peppercorns in his possession.
Pepper was considered as a more stable form of currency than money! In England a pound of pepper was a commonly accepted form of rent from land tenants. The term "peppercorn rent” started off meaning that such a contract was taken very seriously based on the cost of a given weight of peppercorns per year. In later years, when pepper became cheap, a custom of handing a single peppercorn to confirm a tenancy came into existence. When Prince Charles became the Duke of Cornwall he received a pound of pepper as part of his tribute.
2 Vidua is a widow
'Sheffield City Council, Libraries Archives and Information: Sheffield Archives ACM /S /118. Reproduced with permission from His Grace the Duke of Norfolk, DL and the Director of Culture, Sheffield City Council'.
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