CRICH PARISH

which consists of the villages of Crich, Fritchley and Whatstandwell

Crich Lay Subsidy of 1543

Transcribed by Dr Alan Wilcockson

This certificate and assessment, dated 12 January 1543 (old calendar), relates to the first payment of the lay subsidy granted to Henry VIII in 1543 in the hundred of Morleyston and Litchurch. It was returned into the Exchequer on 22nd January 1543. The level at which tax would apply for this subsidy was set at £1 for Goods (bonis). This is a very low level and is the reason the return contains the names of many more people than usual. The rate at which tax on Goods was levied in this first assessment appears to be 2d in the £1 for the poorest tax payers and 4d in the £1 for tax payers with Goods valued at over £5. For Lands (terre) the rate appears to be 1s in the £1. The rate for Goods was lower for the second and third subsidies of 1544 and 1545. The only comparable earlier subsidy is that of 1523 for which the returns for Crich unfortunately no longer exist. The definition of “Lands” and “Goods” is given at the end of this transcription. The below transcription is for the parish of Crich only and contains forty-two names.

Ref: UK National Archives E179/91/147

    Assessed Value Tax Paid
Cryche I Germane Pole p terre £20 20s
  I Rade Herneley C*ylyrs p bonis £4 8d
  I Henrie Archer p bonis £4 8d
  I Wille Wylde p bonis £5 20d
  I Galfre Wylde p bonis £5 20d
  I Robte Hill p bonis £4 8d
  I Hugone Jacson p bonis £4 8d
  I Johe Redfort p bn £3 6d
  I Rade Meycote p bonis £5 20d
  I Robte Ffoxe p bonis £3 6d
  I Almfride Kyrkeland p bonis £3 6d
  I Jacobe Hill p bonis 40s 4d
  I Johe Wylkocson p bonis 40s 4d
  I Johe Jackson p bonis 40s 4d
  I Rico Redfort p bonis 20s 2d
  I *ichol*** **eyn p bonis 20s 2d
  I Thoma Hyll p bonis 40s 4d
  I Johe Grenesmythe p bonis 20s 2d
  I Wille Alsebroke p bonis 40s 4d
  I Godffe Redfort p bonis 20s 2d
  I Antonio Redfort p bonis 20s 2d
  I Rico *ol**e p bonis 40s 4d
  I Cristofero Erdyst*e p bonis 20s 2d
  I *y Reson p bonis 40s 4d
  I Henree Lodlam p bonis 40s 4d
  I Rogero Smythe p bonis 20s 2d
  I Gdo Cuteler p bonis £3 6d
  I Robte Miln p bonis 20s 2d
  I Jacob Cokke p bonis 20s 2d
  I Rado Cokke p bonis 20s 2d
  I Henrieo Saxon p bonis 20s 2d
  I Rado Wilkocson p bonis 40s 4d
  I Robte Alsope p bonis 20s 2d
  I Thoma Woode p bonis 20s 2d
  I Rado Porthege p bonis 40s 4d
  I Robte Bannks p bonis 20s 2d
  I Robt Smythe p bonis 20s 2d
  I Wille Leam p bonis 20s 2d
  I Wille Gregson p bonis 20s 2d
  I *y Johe Fflakyt p bonis 20s 2d
  I Rado Kyrkeland p bonis 20s 2d
  I Robte Wylde p bonis £3 6d

Notes:
1) The taxation on “Lands” was on the income derived from that land, i.e. from rents not on the actual capital value of the land itself. In the 1523 statue Lands were defined as being: “that [which] the same person or other to his use have in fee simple, fee tail, term of life, term of years, execution, by ward, by copy of court roll or at will, in any castle, honour, manor, lands, tenements, rents, services, hereditaments, annuities, fees, corrodies or profits of the very just and clear yearly value thereof …

2) The taxation on “Goods” was defined in the 1523 statute as being either coin or that which:…”any such person hath of his own plate, stock in merchandise, all manner of corns and blades severed from the ground, household stuff and all other goods and chattels moveable as well within this realm as without, and of all such sums of money that to him is owing, whereof he trusteth in his conscience surely to be paid, except…such sums of money as he oweth and in his conscience surely to pay and except also apparel of all persons belonging to their bodies, saving jewels of gold”

The following document is courtesy of: The National Archives, reference E179/91/147

Crich subsidy 1543

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