which consists of the villages of Crich, Fritchley and Whatstandwell.

CRICH in Kelly's Directory (1895)

Transcribed by Peter Patilla

CRICH is an ancient town, a beautiful and extensive parish, one mile north-east from Whatstandwell station on the Manchester main line of the Midland railway, 4 west-by-south from Alfreton, 4½ north from Belper, and I44 from London, in the Mid division of the county, hundred of Morleston and Litchurch, Belper union and petty sessional division, Alfreton county court district and rural deanery, archdeaconry of Derby and diocese of Southwell. The railway and the Cromford canal pass along the south-western border of the parish, and the line from Ambergate to the north also bounds the parish on the south-east. The church of St. Michael, standing on a commanding height, is a building of stone, in mixed styles, partly Norman, and consists of chancel, clerestoried nave of three bays, aisles, and a western tower with spire, containing a clock and 5 bells, dating from 1620: the monuments include several to the Dixie family, and others to the Poles of Wakebridge, lords of the manor of that name, one of whom was falconer to Henry VII. there is also a memorial with a most curious epitaph to a member of the Clay family, and an inscribed stone slab to Anthony Babington esq. of Dethick, who, with 13 others, engaged in a conspiracy to assassinate Queen Elizabeth, and raise the country in favour of Mary Queen of Scots, then imprisoned in Wingfield Manor; but the plot being discovered, the conspirators were arrested and executed at Tyburn, 20 and 2I Sept. 1586: there are three memorial stained windows: the church plate is dated 17I2: the church affords about 500 sittings. The registers date from the year 1604. The living is a vicarage gross yearly value £244, net £227 with residence in the gift of five trustees, and held since 1875 by the Rev. William Acraman of St. Aidans, who is patron of the livings of the adjoining parishes of Tansley and Wessington. The mission church at Fritchley, one mile south-east, built in 1870, is also used as a day school; it was enlarged in 1874, and affords about 150 sittings. The Baptist chapel, a building of stone, with a clock, was erected in 1877, and has sittings for 300 persons The Free Methodist chapel was built in 1864, and there are also chapels belonging to this sect at Crich Carr and Wheatcroft, and Primitive Methodist chapels at Crich erected in 1853, Crich Carr, Fritchley, erected in 1852 and at Morewood Moor. There is a small Wesleyan chapel and a Congregational chapel at Fritchley, erected in 1841 , and the Society of Friends have a Meeting House here. In the village is an ancient stone market cross (restored in 1871), the upper part of which includes a group figure of St. Michael overcoming the Dragon. The market is held weekly on Friday. Fairs for sheep and cattle are held on the 6th of April and 11th of October. The inhabitants are principally employed in the adjacent quarries, which produce limestone and gritstone of a superior quality, a large quantity being sent to London and other parts. Lea mills and other industrial centres in the neighbourhood also give employment to many, and the manufacture of hosiery by hand is carried on to a very considerable extent. There is a small lead mine at Wakebridge; the Butterley Company have extensive quarries and lime kilns at Bull Bridge; at Ambergate are the limeworks of the Clay Cross Company, and at Whatstandwell are the gritstone quarries the property of the Duke of Devonshire K. G. At Crich is a reading room, a stone building, erected in 1887, at a cost of £300 Chase Cliffe, erected in 1859, is a handsome mansion of stone, pleasantly situate in grounds tastefully laid out, and is the property and residence of Miss Hurt. The yearly sum of £6 12s. 11d. from the Rev. Francis Gisborne's
Charity, is received by the vicar and church-wardens, and laid out in the purchase of flannel for the poor.
In 1562* John Kirkland left £2 yearly to the poor of this parish for ever, which is distributed on St. Thomas' day.{* NB this date is incorrect it should be 1652} Sim's Charity, a benefaction of recent date, amounts to about £50, and is distributed so as to promote religious education. Emma Hurt's charity amounts to about £43 yearly; Cornthwaite's charity left in 1838, amounts to £4 1s. 8d. yearly for clothing; Cooper's, of £1 38. 8d. left in 1853, is distributed in money; Wright's charity amounts to £16 5s. 8d. yearly, and is given to regular attendants at church. The charities for the township of Wessington amount to about £7 yearly. Miss Elizabeth Hurt left £1,000, invested in Consols, the interest of which is to augment the living of the vicar; also £1,000 invested in Consols, the interest of which is to be distributed by the vicar and churchwardens to 4 old parishioners, each to receive 2s. 6d. a week; and £1,000 invested, in Consols, the interest of which is to go towards the support of a trained parish nurse. On Crich Stand, which has an elevation of upwards of 950 feet above the level of the sea, is a circular tower, 50 feet in height, erected in 1851, on the site of a former tower by the late Francis Hurt esq. of Alderwasley. On July 6th, 1882, a considerable landslip occurred which reached nearly to the base of the tower and demolished four houses. The principal landowners are Lieut.-CoI. Albert Frederick Hurt D.L., J.P. of Alderwasley, and W. Shore-SmIth esq. of Embley Park, Romsey, and there are several smaller freeholders. The Duke of Devonshire K.G. is also a landowner. The soil is loamy; subsoil, gritstone. The land is chiefly in pasturage. The acreage of the township is 3,750; rateable value £14,073; the population in 1891 was 3,070.
FRITCHLEY is a village 1 mile south-east, with a mission church; CODDINGTON, half a mile west ; BULL BRIDGE, 1½ miles south; PLAISTOW GREEN, 1 mile north; and WHEATCROFT 2½ miles north, are hamlets. Crich Carr and Whatstandwell are also places here. Crich Carr is that portion of the parish near Whatstandwell railway station and is increasing in population.

Post, M 0., & T. 0., S. B., Express DelIvery & Insurance & Annuity. Office. John Hlgton, Sub-postmaster Letters arrive through Matlock Bath at 6,45 a.m. & 3·45 p.m.; dispatched at 6,40 p.m. week days only

Post, M. 0., Insurance & Annuity Office, Whatstandwell Bridge. John Bowmer, sub-postmaster. Letters arrive from Matlock Bath at 6.20 a.m. & 2.59 p.m. ; dispatched at 11.30 a.m. & 7 p.m. The nearest telegraph office is at Whatstandwell railway station.

Post Office, Fritchley, Thomas Davidson, Sub-postmaster. Letters through Derby, via Ambergate, arrive at 7.30 a.m. 4·45 p.m.; dispatched at 9·45 a.m. & 6.20 p.m. Postal orders are issued here, but not paid. The nearest money order & telegraph office is at Crich

Wall Letter Boxes.-Bull Bridge, cleared at 10 a.m. & 6.40 p.m. week days only; Crich Carr, cleared· at 6 p.m. week days only; &; Whatstandwell Bridge, cleared at II. 15 a.m. & 7 p.m.; sun. 6.5 p.m


Crich is a contributory district to Dethick Lea & Holloway School Board, sending one member.

Parochial (mixed) (Crich), erected in 1848, for 300 children; average attendance 125 boys & girls, 50 infants; Alfred Moody, master; Miss Ada Figgins, infants mistress

National (Crlch Carr), erected in 1884 enlarged in 1894 for 120 children: average attendance 95;. Charles Williams, master; Mrs. Fances Hawkes mistress

National (Fritchley) erected in 1870 as a mission church & school & enlarged m 1874 by the addition of an infant school room, &; again enlarged in 1894; It will hold 190 chIldren; average attendance, 152; - Collington master

BrItIsh (CrIch), erected in1884-5, .for 260 children; average attendance (mIxed 165), Infants, 49; Heyworth Dyson, master.

Friends (FrItchley); Miss Jane Sadler, mistress

Railway Station, Whatstandwell, Charles Whitmore, station master


Acraman Rev. William, Vicarage
Boag Henry Basil, Chase cot. Ambergte
Coupe George, Grove house
Cowlishaw Frederick, Tor view
Dunn Mrs The Tors
Hancock Mrs. Church view
Hurt Miss, Chase cliffe (Letters thro' Whatstandwell)
Jackson Thomas, Field house
Lee John Isaac, Dimple villas
Macdonald George Godfrey MB
Neville Rev. J. Percy M.A. (curate), Dimple house
Saxton John, The Sycamores
Saxton Mrs. The Hollies

Ashby James, farmer, Wheatcroft
Baker Sarah (Mrs), saddler
Baldwin Joseph, farmer, Pot Ho. farm
Beresford George, farmer, High lane
Bingham Thomas, farmer, Edge farm
Boag Henry Basil, agent for the CIay Cross Co. quarries, Cliff
Boag Robert, contractor
Bower Samuel, farmer &: surveyor of highway, Sheldon house
Brocklehurst Henry, Greyhound P. H
Brown George, boot maker
Brumwell Geo. Herbert, pork butcher
Burton Jeremiah, farmer,The Common
Burton Samuel, Bull's Head P.H
Cauldwell William, farmer
Clay Cross Company's Quarries (Hy. Basil Boag, agent)
Cotton Robert, farmer, Plaistow
Cowlishaw Henry, shopkeeper
Crich Reading Room (R. Dyson, sec)
Critchlow Sarah(Mrs) frmr. Edgmoor
Critchlow Thos. Isaac, farmer, Edgmoor
Crooks Sherbroke, farmer, Plaistow
Curzon Frederick, tailor
Dalziel Francis, farmer, Plaistow grn
Dawes John, stationer, hardware dealer & ale &; porter stores, &c.
Dawes Robert, draper
Denny John, farmer ;
Derby & Derbyshire Banking company Lim. (branch to Belper), opened tues. & frie 11 a.m. to 2.30 p.m.; draw on Williams Deacon & Manchester
& Salford Bank Lim. London EC
Dronfield Joseph, Jovial Dutchman P.H
England Hannah (Mrs) shopkeeper
Fantom Arthur, boot &, shoe maker
Foster William, shopkeeper
Gibbons Daniel, farmer, Wheatcroft
Greenhough Thomas, grocer & farmer
Greenhough William. jun. butcher
Hallam George, shopkeeper
Hawkins John, farmer, Plaistow green ,
Haynes John, builder
Higton John, butcher, Post office
Hitchcock Saml. farmer, Lindway lane
Hollingworth Jas. farmer, Well meadow
Holmes Samuel, shopkeeper
Hopkinson Joseph, farmer, Wheatcroft.
Hunt James, saddler
Leafe Herbert, grocer
Lee Bros. wholesale & family grocer, general drapers & outfitters, tallow chandlers & cheese factors &c
Lynam Wm. farmer, Moorwood moor
Macdonald Geo. Godfrey M.B. surgeon & medical officer & public vaccinator Crich, Lea & Holloway district, Belper union
Marshall William, farmer, Wheatcroft
Martin William, hair dresser

Mason Henry, saddler
Mellors George, boot repairer
Perry Charles, shopkeeper
Petts William, stone & monumental mason, Common
Platts Goorge, farmer, Parkhead
Poyser Ann (Miss), farmer, Chase
Radford John, farmer
Rollinson Joseph, grocer & farmer
Saxton John, ins. agent, The Hollies
Shipley William, watch maker
Sims Albert. draper &c.
Sims William Wheatsheaf inn
Slack Albert Edward, Black Swan commercial hotel, stabling accommodation for 20 horses; commercial gentlemen receive every attention; charges moderate
Smith Arthur. butcher & farmer
Smith George Ashbourne, jun. wheelwright & farmer
Smith William farmer, Chuckstone
Southern Charles William, chemist
Spencer Wm. farmer & mining agent
Spendlove Robert, farmer, Plaistow
Stock. Helen (Miss), baker & grocer
Stocks Samuel, beer retailer
Street Joshua, Cliff inn
Stoppard (Aaron) & Walker (Charles) farmers Hollins farm
Taylor Emily (Mrs) apartments & boarding house, a home from home; moderate charges,every convenience & beautiful scenery, The Mansion House
& The Mount
Taylor Francis, farmer, Plaistow
Taylor John, joiner
Taylor Thos. farmer, Cowpershawe
Taylor Vaughan. butcher & farmer, The Mount
Taylor William, blacksmith
Thorpe Thomas, farmer
Turner George. farmer, Wheatcroft
Walker Ellen(Miss), King's Arms P.H
Walker Frederick, draper
Wass &. Son (trustees of ) (A. McL. Alsop. agent), Wakebridge mine &. smelting works
Whittacker Joseph, grocer &. farmer
White John, farmer
Wightman James. grocer
Wildgoose John. Rising Sun P.H
Wilton Thos. farmr. Wakebridge farm
Wilton William, farmer, Wheatcroft
Woodward Jas. farmer, Plaistow hall
Wright Joseph, frmr. Crich common
Wright William, blacksmith
Yates John, grocer
Young William, farmer, Park head

Marked this • are Coddington.
Marked thus ✝ are Crich Carr.
Without a mark are Whatstandwell.

Alsop James, Derwent house
Hardy William, Derwent Villa
Hawkes Nathaniel Irvine. Irvine villa
✝ Hopkins Miss, Ashton house
Kirk William, Cliff villa
Mason Charles. jun
✝ Shaw Matthew, Carr cottage
Smith Ernest Le Blanc
Thompson Robert, Derwent villa
✝ Ward Mrs. Ludway bank

✝ Allsop Helen (Mrs) shopkeeper
✝ Allsop Robert besom broom maker
Bryan Richd. Peach, farmer. Bent hill
Bunting Charles, blacksmith

Caudwell Wlm. farmer, Thurlow booth
Haslam Fredcrick, farmer
Lee George, shopkeeper
Merchant Joseph, coal merchant
Merchant Joseph, jun, butcher
Mountney Herbert, Derwent Commercial hotel &. posting house
Peacock William, grocer
Shaw William C. manager of the Wig-well Brick & Tile Co. Limited
Sibley Henry appartments,The Orchard
Simms Anthony, farmer & stone merchant
Stone Joseph, grocer
Stones Thomas, timber merchant & moulding mills
Whatstandwell Refreshment Room (William Peacock, proprietor)
Wigwell Brick & Tile Co. Limited
(The) (William C. Shaw, manager)
Yates Walter, farmer
Yeomans Wm. Thos. Wheatsheaf P.H

Connell Thomas
Crozier Mrs
Else Charles Joseph, Bull Bridge
Hamilton John, Pakenham
Sargent Mrs. Fernside
Sargent Mrs
Sack Saml. The Beeches, Bull Bridge
Wake Hy. Thomas. Chestnut bank

Ambergate, Crich, Bull Bridge &
Fritchley Gas Light &. Coke Co.
Limited (John Dawes, Sec.;
Chas. Brocklehurst, manager);
works Bull Bridge
Baguley Thos. Canal inn, Bull Bridge
BIackham Thomas, grocer
Bowmer John, farmer
Bowmer Thomas, farmer
BradIey Ann (Mrs), shopkeeper
Butterley Company's Quarries &
Lime Works Lim. (John Pakenham Hamilton, agent), Bull Bridge
Chell George, millwright
Cooke George, farmer
Cooper Johhn, farmer
Curtis & Harvey's Gunpowder Magazin" (John P. Hamilton agent), Bull Bridge
Davidson Thomas, grocer, draper & Post office
Derbyshire Jesse.farmr. Barnclose frm
Else Chas. Joseph, farmer & landowner, Bull Bridge
Fletcher Ann (Mrs) shopkeeper
FritchIey William, farmer
Gaunt George, Red Lion PH
Gaunt Robert, fent dealer
Knighton Joseph, shopkeeper
Lock Hy. Lord Nelson P.H. BuIlBridge
Lynam Jas. farmer, Wingfield park
Lynam Jas. shopkpr. & boot maker
Lynam SamI. farmer, Wingfield park
Poyser Eliza (Mrs.), boot &; shoe maker
Radford Joseph, miller(water) & farmer
Fritchley & Bull Bridge mill, Heage
Radford Samuel, farmer
Rowe Henrietta (Mrs) beer retailer
SIack James, miller & farmer
Stevenson Jos. hand made hosiery mnfr.
Wake Henry Thomas, dealer in antiquities, Chestnut bank
Wake Hugh, cabinet maker
Watkins Edward & Co. bobbin mfrs. wood turners, riddle & sieve hoop & spade &; shovel handle makers & timber merchants, Bull Bridge
Williamson William, farmer


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