The position of King of Arms of the Order of the Garter, usually known as Garter King of Arms, was created sometime around 1415. William Bruges's appointment as the first Garter King of Arms in 1415 coincided with a series of moves to regulate heraldic matters. In June 1417 the king clamped down on the unauthorized wearing of coat armour.
In 1534 Thomas Wall, son of Thomas Wall of Crich was appointed as the fifth Garter King of Arms.The Antiquary
ON SOME GARTER-KING AT ARMS.
Honi soit qui mal y pense.
THE only authentic account of the institution of such an officer as the Garter Principal King of Arms of the English is contained in the patent by which fees were assigned to him in April, 1423. In that patent it is stated that the late King Henry V., for the increase of the fame of the Order of the Garter and for the service of the Company, appointed a Servant of Arms; and, for the dignity of the Order, ordained that he should be a Sovereign, within the Office of Arms, of all other Servants of Arms of the kingdom of England, and should be styled Garter King of Arms of the English. Good Duke Humphrey, Protector during the new Sovereign's minority, further willed that Garter should receive annually, at the Festival of the Order, the following pensions:
From the Prelate, five marks; from every Duke being a Companion, six nobles; from every Baron or Banneret, four nobles; and from every Bachelor Knight, two nobles.
The date of the creation of the Office of Garter is supposed to have been between May and September, 1417. William Bruges, the first Garter, was described as "Guyenne King of Arms" on the 22nd May of that year; but in an ordinance of the Duke of Clarence mention is made of "Garter King of Arms of the English. "Before the appointment of a king, the service of the Order was performed by a herald called "Windsor."
The duties of a Garter King of Arms may thus be briefly described: On appointment to the office he takes two oaths — one relative to the Order of the Garter before the Sovereign, another before the Earl Marshal as head of the College of Heralds. He may appoint a herald for his deputy, and must be a native of England, and a gentleman bearing arms. He, together with the other officers of arms, has the privilege of correcting errors or usurpations in all armorial bearings. He assigns to every new peer his place in Parliament, and carries the ensigns of the Order to foreign dignitaries upon their being elected, and has to obey any royal command relative to the Order. His emoluments are: Baron's service in the Court, apartments in Windsor Castle and at the College in London, ;)100 from the Garter revenues, and ;100 (formerly 50, but raised to this sum by King Charles II.) out of the Exchequer as Principal King at Arms. His fees from both these offices are considerable. The arms are:
Ar. St George's cross upon a chief, gu. a coronet or open crown, within the Garter of the Order, between a lion of England (Sweden?) and a fleur de lis, or.
A list of Garter King since the foundation of the office is as follows :
1. Sir William Bruges, 1417.
2. John Smert, 1450.
3. Sir John Wrythe, 1478.
4. Sir Thomas Wrythe, alias Wryotliesley, 1505.
5. Thomas Wall, Esq., 1534.
6. Sir Christopher Barker, 1536.
7. Sir Gilbert Dethick, 1550.
8. Sir William Dethick, 1586.
9. Sir William Segar, 1607.
10. Sir John Borough, 1633.
Thomas Wall (1534) was the son of Thomas Wall, of Crich, in Derbyshire. He was Garter for the short time of a year and a half. During that period he was sent in embassy and commission to the King of Scots to carry him the Garter. From him he received "a gowne of purple velvet lyned with blacke boche,and a Crownes of the Sunn."
Arms : A chevron ermine on a chief crenelle or, three gresses sable; his crest an eagle's head coup argent and azure between two wings counterchanged, on each three doupes counterchanged on a
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